PNA Key Documents
PNA member countries are at the forefront of collective decision making about conservation and management of tuna. The PNA is informed by the decisions of its officials, Ministers and national leaders who have drafted Implementing Agreements and Declarations setting out key policies and then amended these as needed to update decisions.
Key documents include:
The Nauru Agreement
The original agreement setting out the Parties to the Nauru Agreement and their key objectives to control terms and conditions of fishing in their waters.
The Palau Arrangement/Purse Seine Vessel Day Scheme
The agreement detailing the role for the PNA through regular management meetings in managing the tuna stocks and establishing the role and responsibilities of the PNA office. Amended in 2015, this document sets out rules for the Purse Seine Vessel Day Scheme, a unique PNA scheme to sell a limited number of fishing days which has doubled revenue to the PNA countries and advanced its sustainable management of tuna. Also below is the Palau Arrangement for the Long Line Vessel Day Scheme, amended in 2016.
1st PNA Implementing Arrangement
The PNA 1st Implementing Arrangement began a regional fishing vessel register. This was later followed by development of a Vessel Monitoring System (VMS). Under the VMS, all licensed fishing vessels are required to fit an Automatic Location Communicator which monitors the vessel's position, speed, and course. In this way, fishing vessels are electronically monitored 24/7.
2nd PNA Implementing Arrangement
The 2nd PNA Implementing Arrangement established Minimum Terms and Conditions for fishing in PNA waters which is now the applicable across the Pacific Islands.
3rd PNA Implementing Arrangement
The 3rd PNA Implementing Arrangement, signed in May 2008:
* decreed fishing vessels will no longer be allowed to fish in high seas pockets as a condition of their licenses
* banned Fishing Aggregating Devices (FADs, a device used to attract tuna which often results in the capture of juvenile fish) by purse seine fishing vessels for set time periods
* introduced catch retention (to stop dumping of lower value tuna overboard purse seine fishing vessels)
Signed in Tarawa, Kiribati in 2009, the Bikenibeu Declaration set up the PNA Office to serve its members by strategic fisheries conservation and management, initiatives to maximize profitability and benefits for Pacific Islanders and promotion of PNA waters as a globally recognized, sustainably managed and certified tuna fishery.
Signed in Palau, in 2010, at the 1st PNA Presidential Summit, the Koror Declaration:
* confirmed and supported the Vessel Day Scheme (whereby fishing is limited y a set number of fishing days)
* closed off all high seas areas to fishing (latitude 10 degrees North and 20 degrees South)
* endorsed plans to proceed with the full assessment for Marine Stewardship Council certification of the skipjack fishery as sustainable.
Longline Vessel Day Scheme
Signed in Palau, in 2013, see the latest Memorandum of Understanding on minimum bench mark fees and resolution on other fisheries management measures.
These documents can be downloaded by clicking the document title below.